Cowpea also called Black-eyed pea. Scientific name is Vigna unguiculata
Cow pea is annual legume grown throughout India for green pods, dry seeds, green manure and fodder. Cowpea is a good source of protein, calcium and iron.
Climate For Cowpea
Cowpea is warm weather and semi arid crop, where temperature ranging from 200C to 300C. Minimum temperature for seed establishment is 200C and above 320C temperatures development of root is cease. For maximum production day temperature 270C and night temperature 220C required.
Temperature : 22-35 Degree
well drained loamy soils
Requires normal bed preparation like other pulse crops. Give two ploughing to bring soil to fine tilth and carry out planking after each ploughing
Time of Sowing
March to Mid-July
while sowing use row to row spacing of 30 cm and plant to plant spacing of 15 cm.
sowing depth should be 3-4 cm
use seed rate of 20-25 kg for variety of Cowpea 88 and seed rate of 12 kg for variety of CL 367
55 to 65 days after, crop is ready for harvesting